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USG can also be done transvaginally with a specifically designed probe called the vaginal transducer. Transvaginal imaging utilize a higher frequency imaging, which gives better resolution of the ovaries, uterus and endometrium (the fallopian tubes are generally not seen unless distended), but is limited to depth of image penetration, whereas larger lesions reaching into the abdomen are better seen transabdominally. The procedure is regarded as not painful and non invasive. Scans are performed by health care professionals called sonographers , or gynecologists trained in ultrasound.

What is Folliculometry?
Folliculometry is a series of Ultrasounds done to determine how eggs (follicles) are growing in the ovaries. Folliculometry is normally done with transvaginal ultrasound. It is started on day 2 or 3 of periods with a baseline ultrasound to see the baseline status of the ovaries prior to starting stimulation of the ovaries for IUI or IVF.

Ultrasonography of the scrotum is useful when there is a suspicion of some particular diseases. It may detect signs of testicular dysgenesis, which is often related to an impaired spermatogenesis and Scrotum ultrasonography may also detect testicular lesions suggestive of malignancy. A decreased testicular vascularization is characteristic of testicular torsion, whereas hyperemia is often observed in epididymo-orchitis , Doppler ultrasonography useful in assessing venous reflux in case of a varicocele, when palpation is unreliable or in detecting recurrence or persistence after surgery.